- Trekking in Nepal
- 3* hotel in Kathmandu and normal hotel in the mountain
- welcome dinner in Kathmandu and during the trekking Basics food [b.l.d].
from $1499 USD
Tsum Valley Trekking highlights
- Untouched and raw trekking adventure
- Scenic drive from Kathmandu to Arughat
- Lots of caves ,waterfalls and river along the route
- Easy trek with no fear of altitude sickness
- majestic views of Ganesh and Himal Chuli mountains
- Lush forest of pine juniper and different species of rhododendron
Tsum Valley Trekking Overview
If you are fond of mountains and want to get away from the crowd , then you will love to trek into the northern most part of Nepal. There are a lot of options and it is very hard to choose from but the specification of Northern-most remote part is its off-beaten trails, unadultered villages and nature. One of such unadultered gem is the Tsum valley, located in the Northern-most part of Nepal. Isolated from vague and modern vistas , the region offers a soulful experience to trekkers trekking in this region.
Tsum Valley Trekking is a magnificent journey into remote and isolated country beyond Nepal's North Mid-West Himalayas .Sandwiched between great range of mountains of Manaslu and Ganesh Himal, Tsum is known as valley of Happiness in local native language of Tibetan origin.This is a fascinating adventure that leads you into hidden areas and Shangri-la of Himalaya away from maddening crowd of modern civilization into pristine wilderness of mountains-windswept beautiful country with impressive local culture of Tsum valley.A perfect adventure destination for people who are bored walking on mainstream trekking trails on popular routes, this trip allows you being in complete tranquil in the harmony of interesting colorful culture and ancient traditions as it was past hundreds of centuries.
Tsum Valley Trekking commence with an interesting overland journey into Nepal's Mid-Western areas of Gorkha district, where trail at first leads on same tracks of Manaslu route and then to unknown and hidden areas at Tsum valley after leaving the raging Buri-Gandaki River.
With a population of 1800 , most of the people residing here are local indigenous 'Tsumba' people. Most of the people follow Bon shamanism and Buddhist traditions. Tsum Valley is a hidden treasure. Tsum is a Tibetan word derived from 'Tsombo " which means vivid and people residing in Tsum Valley are called 'Tsumba'. Along with the beautiful mountain view of Ganesh Himal , Siringi Himal and Boudha Himal Ranges , this hidden and tranqul valley is full of ancient art , cultures , traditions and religion. The altitude of the trekking trail varies from 1903 m at Lhokpa to over 5095 m at Ngula Dojyan pass at Tibetan border.
Tsum Valley is known as a hidden gem of Nepal consisting 33 villages with 500 households so it is really wroth the money to trek this valley in Tsum valley and discover the Manaslu trekking trails . As per Government rstrictions , minimum twi trekkers are needed along with guide and porter to obtain special Tsum Valley Trekking Permit. You need to obtain 4 permits from the Govertnment to trek into this region namely , special Tsum Balley Trekking permit, Manaslu Conservation Area permit, Annapuran conseravtion Area permit and Trekers Information Management System permit.
Why choose Tsum Valey Trek ?
There are a lot of reason to choose Tsum Valley trek over other trekking regions in Nepal. Being the most untouched northern-most part of Nepal bordering Tibet , the valley offers great trekking experience. Reltively new to trekkers , the trails are off-beaten and adventurous full of marvels of nature . The number of trekkers trekking in this region are very less so you can avoid human traffic and immerse yourself in the calmness of nature , the hospitality of local people and get a chance to learn about the local Bon and BUddhist traditions. A trek that provides full scale adventure from geography to traditions , from lush green valleys to no mans land ,from crowded lower region to remote and untouched valley , so why end up trekking in other areas while you can have a complete new experience.
The natural aura and history are as authentic as they can get. The Buddhist settlement in the valley looks completely different than elsewhere. The people here are of Tibetan origin and they possess unique dialect, culture, and practices. The geographic location of this land in northern nook of Manaslu is a boon when it comes to witnessing Majestic Mountain. Decorated by Ganesh Himal, Shringi Himal, Buddha ranges and Himchuli, the backdrop of Tsum Valley Trek is a trekker’s dream come true. Stand anywhere in the middle of your walk and the backdrop is a picture perfect frame!
Tsum Valley trekking difficulty :
Tsum valley trekking is graded as moderately difficult trek as the trail passes through multiple ascends and descends . Since the treking region is relatively new , most of this region remains remote giving trekkers an experience of authentic rural trekkin with limited services and resources.
Altitude Sickness at Tsum Valley Trek :
The probablity of suffering from High altitude sickness while trekking in Upper himalayan region is always high if you are not well prepared are not careful enough . The highest point attained while trekking is at 5095 m above sea level so there is always a risk of altitude sickness. The level oxygen concenteration in atmosphere in upper himalayan region is low. There are certain steps to avoid the risk of altitude sickeness while trekking.
- avoid rapid pace while ascending , take time, rest at certain intervals of time to catch breathe
- drink water frequently to avoid dehydration . Dont drink lots of water at once but take a sip or two in frequent interval of time.
- avoid heavy backpacks as you spend more energy to carry them.
Symptoms of Altitude Sickness
-Early symptoms of Altitude Sickness includes :
- loss of breathe even while resting
- muscle cramp , early tiredness amd fatigues
- Nausea , dizziness
- sleep disturbances ,loss of appetite
?If the do not take care in oyur early stages , the symptoms may worsen . The further symptoms includes
- vomiting , severe headache
- Ataxia ( uncontrolled walking behaviour)
- Increased pulse rate
- Severe dry cough
- Finger tips and lips turns to blue color which indicated the low amount of oxygen in the body
- Altered mental status/mental confusion
- Unconsciousness leading to Coma
- Acclimatization: - After a 1000m. Ascent, stay one more night for acclimatization.
- Do not make RAPID ASCENT; don't go too fast too high.
- No alcohol, sleeping pills and smoking.
- Drink more fluid 3-4ltrs a day… clean, boiled or treated water/tea/coffee/soup/juice etc.
- Do not carry heavy packs.
- Climb higher sleep lower.
- Do not travel alone.
Permits and Restrictions in Tsum Valley Trek
Nepal Government has imposed some restrictions for the safety of trekkers. As a complete new trail and minimum human interactions along the trail , one can get easily lost in the vast forest of Manaslu region. The minuimum number of people to trek in this region must be two along with licensed and experienced guide from local trekking agency. This means solo trekking or trekking without guides is completely restricted in this region. Only a registerd guide from local trekking agency can obtain the special Tsum valley trekking permit so like it or not , this region cannot be done without a licensed guide from local trek agency. A total number of 4 permits are required to trek tinto this region:
- Special Tsum Valley Trek Permit : September to November , 35 US$ per person for the first 8 days and additional US$ for each additional days. December to August , 25 US$ per person for the first 8 days and US$ for each additional day after that.
- Manaslu Conservation Area permit : 3000 NPR
- Annapurna Conservation Area Permit :
- Trekkers Information Management System permit :
Best time to do Tsum Valley Trek
When speaking about trekking in high himalayas in Nepal, there are mainly two season. However with enough preperations , trekking can be done anytime.
- Spring Season ( April - May ) : Starting from April , the wildlands of mid-hilly region of Tsum Valley trek are fully coloured with vibrant wild flowers. The colorful rhododendron species provides a different calmness to tired soul. The lush green forests, clear skies provides you beautiful views of varied landscapes. Mid or late afternoon may get overcast sometimes with little drizzle and thunder. Snow can be expected on altitudes above 2500 m . The mornings and nights are moderately cold but afternoon are warm. Lower part of the region is agricultural land with traditional terraced farming.
- Autumn Season ( September - November ): The best time to do any treks is Nepal is between September to November. The clean , blue sky with far visibility , less to no hazes and fogs , cool temperature make this time the best time to trek Tsum Valley. However , the days are shorter and nights and mornings are colder compared to Spring season. The temperature may fall below 0 degree in shady areas, morning and night. Occasional light snowfall can be expected during this time of year.
Outline itinerary for Tsum Valley Trek :
The jurney to Tsum valley starts from a scenic highway drive to Soti Khola from Kathamndu. Staying overnight at Soti khola , the real adventure starts the next day. The trek starts and ends at Soti Khola. Between the beginning and returning date , you will spend your days trekking in the northern most part of Gorkha district and embracing the authentic natural and cultural heritages the place has to offer. Starting from Soti Khola and ending with Soti Khola , you will spend 13 days trekking into the vast wilderness of Manasly region, cherishing the raw nature and kind hospitality of local people. The box below provides you the basic itinerary for Tsum Valley Trek.
|1||Drive to Soti Khola from Kathmandu||845 m||6 hours|
|2||Trek to Machha Khola||930 m||6 hours|
|3||Trek to Jagat||1410 m||6 hours|
|4||Trek to Lakuwa||2240 m||5 hours|
|5||Trek to Chumling||2386 m||6 hours|
|6||Trek to Chokhan Paro||3010 m||6 hours|
|7||Trek to Nele||3361 m||6 hous|
|8||Trek to Mu Gompa||3700 m||4 hours|
|9||Explore Mu Gompa||-||whole day|
|10||Trek to Rachen Gompa||3240 m||5 hours|
|11||Trek to Chumling||2386 m||6 hours|
|12||Trek to Philim||1590 m||7 hours|
|13||Trek to Tatopani||1240 m||6 hours|
|14||Trek to Soti Khola||845 m||6 hours|
|15||Drive back to Kathmandu||-||7 hours|
Frequently Asked Questions
1. How difficult is Tsum Valley Trekking ?
Although Tsum Valley Trek does not require prior trekking experience , it is still considered difficult trek. Several factors like altitude , trail conditions , weather and geography plays a major role in making this trek difficult. Considered hidden trekking paraise , Tsum valley trek is normally 180 KM long which means one have to walk 5-6 hours a day to complete it in 17 days. The unpaved , rarely maintained m off-beaten trail makes this trek difficult but adds more fun , adventure and charisma to the trek . The weather above 3000 m is always changing so a little rain or even snow can be expected sometimes. The steep uphill long trails in different parts of the trail may slow you down a bit . Tea houses are rare along the trail unlike other trekking areas so trekkers should be ready to cope with some scarcity along the way . Since the region lies in the most- remote northern-most part of the country , the trail lacks well established trekking infrastructures . In other words, you will trek in a complete wilderness fot he most part of the trek.
2. Do I need to hire porter and guide for Tsum Valley Trekking ?
Tsum valley is a restricted area,so Nepalese Government has imposed some rules and guidelines to trek Tsum valley.
- Solo trekking is not permitted.
- Minimum 2 people are required to trek into this region with a licensed guide from a registered trekking agency
3. Rules to follow in Tsum Valley
Upper Tsum valley traditions and cultures are deeply influenced by non-violence of Buddhism . Therefore, there are some set of rules to follow for local people and trekkers :
Tsum Valley Trekking Itinerary
On reaching Kathmandu via various respective airlines, walk to airport terminal exit, here our guide and staff receive you with a warm greeting and then transfer into car or coach (depending upon group size) for the short drive into the heart of Kathmandu city.
Morning activities starts after breakfast, where our city guide will accompany you to interesting World Heritage Sites in our wonderful sightseeing tour, which helps you to gain knowledge regarding local culture and traditional life of Nepalese people as it was for many past centuries.
Tour leads around Kathmandu Durbar Square teemed with local life around historical sites and monuments, then heading due west at Swayambhunath Stupa (popularly known as Monkey Temple where large numbers of monkeys found around).
One of the oldest monuments of Nepal dates back more than 2,500 years old overlooking views of Kathmandu valley and the city from this hillock Buddhist Chaitya or Stupa.
After with lunch in local restaurant as the tour continues to holy Hindu Temple of Pashupatinath towards east of the city, one of the holiest Hindu sites, where great festival takes place in the month of February known as Shiva Ratri.
From here visit Bouddhanath huge Stupa, a Buddhist landmark the area also known as 'Little Tibet' due to strong Tibetan influence in religion-culture and traditional way of life.
Our marvelous tour completes and then back into your hotel, afternoon free at leisure with preparation for Tsum Valley Trekking next morning.
Morning traveling by coach or in private vehicles (depending upon group size), where drive leads on interesting and exciting Kathmandu & Pokhara highway to reach at Arughat town and beyond to Soti-Khola village.
On drive views of mountain and scenic landscapes as journey leads past number of farm villages and towns and then ending the drive at Soti Khola small farm village for first overnight stop within Nepal Mid West region.
First day walk from Soti- Khola leads to a short climb for a while with rest of the walk on gradual winding uphill trail through terraced farm fields and villages.
As our route enters into cool forested area in a gorge following torrential glacial Buri-Gandaki River upstream, as the path follows with a climb in the cool shade of rhododendron and oaks forest after a good walk of near six hours reaching a moderate size village at Maccha-Khola for overnight stop. (Name of the village means a fish stream)
After pleasant overnight at Macha-Khola, morning walk follows Buri-Gandaki River upstream, to reach Khorla Beshi a small farm village from here on winding path to reach at Tatopani village with “Hot Spring,” an opportunity for hot bathe as time allows.
After a pleasant stop, walk to Dovan and Yaruphant villages and then at Jagat for overnight stops, Jagat a moderate size farm villages with shops and stores
From Jagat, morning walk leads to higher areas passing scattered farm villages with short climb and downhill to cross over a bridge to reach at Nagjet and Philim, a large village with spread-out farm houses. After Philim walk through farm terraces of golden fields of wheat’s and barley, then a climb on rocky ridge top into bamboo forest area to our overnight stop at Lakuwa on leaving the main trail of Manaslu trekking route.
After Lakuwa village and leaving Buri-Gandkai River for a week, our walk heads towards Tsum valley into the valley of happiness, as our route enters narrow gorge then with short descend and uphill climb into rhododendron and pine tree forest walking past small farm villages then climbing above Lungwa Khola to reach at Chumling village for first overnight in Tsum Valley.
From here altitude slowly gains with the mountain views of Ganesh Himal peaks, as the villages and landscapes looks similar to Tibetan windswept plateau. Morning walks with downhill to cross a bridge over Smatiking Khola, with views of Ganesh Himal also known as Yangra at 7,422 m high, walk slowly leads at Chokhan-paro village for overnight stop.
After Chokan-paro heading closer towards upper Tsum area to Nele (Ne-lay) starting with a climb onto open valley within windswept country exists only few small trees that survives around this arid terrain.
Walk continues uphill with views of Ganesh and Manaslu Himal, after a pleasant walk reach at Nele on the way with visit to an old cave of 11th Centaury Saint Milarepa famous and popular Buddhist poet, singer, tantric guru his folk-tales and songs still remembered by Tibetans and Buddhist alike.
Morning walk starts on reaching our highest point at Mu Gompa of the adventure, as walk continues with a climb on high arid terrain offering views of high peaks on the way to Mu Gompa for overnight stop.
Rest and free day at Mu Gompa to explore the village with visit of old Mu Gompa enriched with ancient antique scrolls, statue and relics this is one of the most important monastery of Tsum and Manaslu area.
After an interesting and wonderful time at Mu Gompa return journey visiting another impressive monastery of Rachen Gompa, walk leads on nice path with few short climbs and downhill passing few small villages of cattle herders to reach at Rachen Gompa for overnight stop, afternoon visit Rachen monastery.
Today our last day around Tsum valley, as morning leads to long descend to reach Chumling village pastg farm areas and then back into tree lines, after a long downhill walks reaching at Chumling village for last overnight stop within Tsum areas.
From Chumling village, morning walk downhill following river downstream with views of waterfalls then reaching villages of Samba, Tingding Chhupyang till our walk ends at Philim village for overnight stop.
This is a nice farm village with school supported by Japanese (as Mt. Manaslu was first climbed by Japanese so this area is a favorite among Japanese)
From here onwards into warmer area of paddy fields, after a breakfast walk leads to Tatopani following Buri Gandaki River past small villages of Nagjet, Sidibas Bazaar and Jagat.
Walk further descends to Yaruphant, then he towards lower area with dramatic change in vegetation, finally ending our long day walk at Tatopani for overnight stop, a small farm village with hot spring as Tatopani in Nepali means 'hot water', afternoon enjoy in the hot springs and relax. The local believes warm spring water have a natural power to cure various diseases.
After a nice time at Tatopani and hot spring, morning walk leads to Soti Khola walking along Budhi Gandaki River downstream, after hours of good walk reaching Gurung village of Labubesi, from here walk further past terraced fields and waterfalls to reach our last overnight stop at Soti-khola.
Morning drive back to Kathmandu on same interesting highway with exciting time as drive leads through rural farm villages and towns with views of mountains after six hours journey reaching in Kathmandu, then transfer to your respective hotels.
A free and relaxing day in Kathmandu, relax and enjoy with individual activities shopping souvenirs or join in for another exciting sightseeing tour.
Last day in amazing Nepal the country of Himalaya wonders, depart from the hotel as per your international flight for homeward bound or to your next destination country, our staff transfer you with farewell.
Includes & Excludes
- Airport pickups and drops in a private vehicle
- 3-star hotel accommodation in Kathmandu with breakfast in twin sharing basis
- Kathmandu Valley Sightseeing
- Teahouse accommodation during trekking
- Three meals (breakfast, lunch and dinner) during the trek
- Welcome and farewell dinners
- Transportation (Kathmandu-Sotikhola, Dharapani-Besisahar-Kathmandu)
- Entrance fees for sightseeing/monument visits as per the itinerary
- An experienced, English-speaking and government-licensed trek guide and their all expenses
- Porter (1 porter for 2 trekkers) and his all expenses
- Down jacket and sleeping bag (to be returned after the trek)
- Necessary paperwork and trekking permits (National Park Permit, TIMS)
- Medical kit
- International airfare
- Nepalese visa fee
- Travel and rescue insurance
- Excess baggage charge(s)
- Extra night accommodation in Kathmandu
- Lunch and dinner in Kathmandu
- Personal expenses (phone calls, laundry, bar bills, battery recharge, extra porters, Wi-Fi charge, bottle or boiled water, shower, etc.)