Trekking gears and equipments
Trekking in Nepal varies from easy to hard depending on factors like the trekking region , trekking weather , group or solo , with guide and assistant or without them . Trekking in Nepal is basically a multi-day walking int the mountainous region of Nepal .Since Nepal is a mountainous country with 8 of the 10 highest peaks in the world , there are lots of multi-day trekking trails leading to their base . Apart from mountain base camps , Nepal provides many trails that offers you a beautiful landscapes of the mountainous country . Apart from having a strong mindset, capabale leader and finance to back you up , there are certain things to keep in mind before starting trekking in Nepal . Those things includes a basic set of trekking gear and equipments you need that will ease your trekking in strenous region of Nepal .
Trekking gears and equipments includes all the things you may need while trekking . These gears and equipments make your walk relatively easy and less strenous compared to trekking done without using them . What gears you may need depends on the region of trekking , the weather conditions etc.
Here are some basic essentials you need while trekking in the Himalayas of Nepal:
- Down jacket : Since it is always cold in the upper region of the mountains , you need to carry a decent and warm down jacket that can withstand up to -10 degree Celcius .
- Windproof thin jacket : Trekking in Nepal provides you an oppurtunity to experience climatic variations from Tropical to Alpine within short period of time . While trekking on lower part of the trail , you might need a solid windproof jacket to protect you from wind .
- Trekking / hiking boots : Since you will be walking days in the harsh terrain of the country , you wil need a decent pair trekking boots . An easy , lightweight , flexible , ankle supporting good botots with good grip is recomended specially in the upper hills and himalayan region. The boots must be flexible and breathable so that blisters wont appear.
- Inner thermal wear : When you are at trekking at upper himalayan region of Nepal, the weather is cold , you may need to wear a pair of good thermal inner wear to keep you warm .
- Socks : you need a lot of socks varying in thickness depending on the region ypou are walking .
- Trekking track : While trekking , lightweight and comfortable trekking tracks are preffered .
- Trousers : There may be some places where wearing only trekking tracks feels cold and wearing inner thermal wear with trekkking tracks feels hot . In those conditions , you may need a comfortable and breathable trouser for the rest of your day trek.
- T-shirts and shorts ( long-sleeved and short-sleeved ) : Except on winter , one can trek upto the height of 3700 mtr with a normal t-shirt and shorts . Long-sleeved or short-sleeved depends on your choice and comfort.
- Muffler scarfs or blacava : You will need muffler scarfs or blacava in upper himalayan region to protect you from cold ,dray wind .
- Normal golf caps and woolen hats : During the trek ,in between lower hill region to lower mountain region , you may need a golf cap to protect you from scorching sun rays . On region above that , you will need a woolen cap/hat to cover you ears and head from cold .
- Thin gloves with grip and woolen windproof mittens : Thing gloves become useful in lower altitude region that protects you exposed hand parts from direct sunlight and prevent it from sun-burn . Also it will help prevent blisters while using trekking poles . As you go higher , thing gloves wont protect you from cold , so you will need a good pair of windproof woolen gloves or mittens .
- Underwears: Wearing same underwear for days in not healtthy and washing it everyday in not possible . So it is recommended for trekkers to carry 5-6 pieces of underwears minimum while trekking in Nepal .
- Sports bras
2. Trekking Gears / equipments
- Gaiters: Gaiters are useful to cover your boots, especially if you are traveling in the winter season where snow will be common. They will also relive you off constantly stopping to clear the mud and stones from your boot. A simple gear but it is available in different forms. A good good gaiter can be expensive but are durable while common gaiters may become hot too quickly . Choose a pair carefully according to your boots
- Rain coats/ cover plastics : When you are trekking in monsoon season , you will need a pair of good raincoat and/or plastic that can cover you body and backpack .
- Backpack : Depending on how much stuff you weant to carry , you will need a good backpack that won't wear ot tear too soon . If you are carrying a porter to carry your stuffs , a small size backpack of 20 ltr that can accomodate water bottle , you photography equipments , some day snacks and chocolates , some light clothes and a little bit of extra space is enough . But without porters you will need a minimum of 50-70 ltr backpack to put all your essesntials.
- Sleeping Bags : Most of the teahouses in trekking trail provides you good bed yet you may not feel comfortable to completely rely on them. So it's better to carry youe own sleeping bag for comfort .
- Trekking poles : Though same may not need trekking poles but it eases your trek consiberably specially while going steep dopwnhills , steep uphills , walking on loose garvels and sands etc . It lower the pressure on your feet and backs.
- Head torch : If you are planning to watch a good sunrise from the mountain regions , you need to wake up very early and make your way through the dark to the view point . Walking in such area in the dark without lights is very dangerous . So you will need a good , longlasting head torch for your safety while walking in the dark.
- UV protection sunglasses : The sun in upper himalayan regions are too bright that can cause temporary blindness . It is better to use colorful UV protection sun glasses .
- Crampons : Most of the time crampons are not needed specially when you are not travelling in winter but who knows , the trail may be filed with black ice that your boot grips cant hold . It is better to have a detachable crampons specially while walking in snow and icy areas
- Camera , extra battery , extra memore card , small folding tripod .
- Mobile , mobile charger , power banks
- Water bottles
- Some high energy protein snacks like dark chocolates to eat while resting
- Tents : For those who want to saty in camp instead of locan lodges .
- Sleeping mat : You will need sleeping mats while sleeping in camp .
- Toilet paper rolls
- Tooth brush and tooth-paste
- Qucik dry hand-towel and body towel
4. Medical supplements you need to carry
- Altitude sickness Medicines : Acetazolamide or Diamox is used to prevent and reduce the symptoms of altitude sickness. This medication can decrease headache , tiredness, nausea, dizziness , and shortness of breath that can occur when you climb quickly to high altitudes.
- Sunscreen lotion with 50+ SPF value : The sunrays in upper himalays are scorching that can give you sun burn. To prevent those sun burns you need a sunscreen lotion.
- Lip guard/moisturisers : The cold dry air in the mountains can give you chapped and dry lips . So better use lip moisturiser before you hit the trail .
- Pain relief sprays : Walking up and down continuously for 5-6 hrs a day may give you muscle ache at the end of the day. The pain-relief spray provides you somfort and eases your pain .
- Pain killer tablets : Tablets of paracetamol (flexon) are much needed when trekking through high altitude . The cold and thin level of breathable oxygen may give you a severe headache .
- Hand sanitizer : Whether you are trekking or not , using of hand sanitizer is a healthy practice
- Antibacterial powder : You might fing some bruises here and there while trekking . antibacterial powder helps you to stay free form bacteria that may infection to the bruises and wounds.
- Insect repellent cream : Since you will be trekking through forest and bushy areas . You may enconter a lot of insects and parasites they may bite you . To avoid those bitings , you may use insect repellent cream .